Strauss and Prof.
Kröger share last authorship. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Background There have not been any population-based surveys in Germany to date on the frequency of various types of sexual behavior. The topic is of interdisciplinary interest, particularly with respect to the prevention and treatment of sexually transmitted infections. Methods Within the context of a survey that dealt with multiple topics, information was obtained from persons about their sexual orientation, sexual practices, sexual contacts outside relationships, and contraception.
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Conclusion Among some groups of persons, routine sexual-medicine examinations may help contain the spread of sexually transmitted infections. One component of such examinations should be sensitive questioning about the types of sexual behavior that are associated with a high risk of infection.
Information should be provided about the potential modes of transmission, including unprotected vaginal, oral, and anal intercourse outside the primary partnership. According to the World Health Organization 2sexual health is closely linked to wellbeing and quality of life.
To consider sexual health in the setting of health policy and identify risks in the healthcare system, representative data on the sexual behavior over the lifespan are crucial. For the general German population, data on sexual behavior based on a representative sample have thus far not been collected.
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Such studies have, however, been conducted in other countries for example, the US, the UK, Australia, Sweden 3 — 5e4e5. Such studies, however, are subject to several biases for example, as dr phil online dating result of the sampling and self-selection.
Sexually transmitted infections STIs present an interdisciplinary challenge. The rise in new cases of infection is based primarily on increased numbers of reports of men who have sex with men MSM Since no current epidemiological data are available, it is not possible to estimate the incidence rates of genital herpes Herpes simplex viruses, HSV-1, HSV-2 and HPV infections human papillomaviruses.
Due to the increasing uptake of the HPV vaccine, it may be assumed that the prevalence rates of these STIs have fallen in recent years e6 — e8.
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STIs can cause neonatal harms for example, owing to genital herpeslead to genital and extragenital neoplasms for example, as a result of HPV infectionor cause infertility as a result of infection with Chlamydia trachomatis 11 Transmission routes of STIs include unprotected vaginal, anal, and oral intercourse Because of inconsistent use of condoms during sexual contacts outside the main relationship while simultaneously dispensing with condoms within the relationship, clandestine sexual contacts outside the relationship are seen as a transmission route for STIs to spread 14 Similarly, unwanted pregnancies in the context of unprotected sexual utlandska tjejer dating are of relevance: in addition to contraceptive failure and non-compliance, unprotected sexual intercourse is the reason why interceptive drugs are prescribed.
The aim of this study is to provide an overview of different sexual behaviors on the basis of a sample that is representative for age and sex.
This furnishes persons working in the healthcare system with an information base that may be useful when dr phil online dating a sexual history, preventing and treating STIs, treating sexual dysfunctions, or delivering sex education. Methods Sociodemographic data were collected nationwide by means of face to face interviews on site.
Subsequently, study subjects were given a questionnaire to complete independently, which asked questions on sexual orientation, relationships, contraception, sexual behavior, and sexual contacts outside existing relationships. Before the data evaluation, the researchers conducted plausibility tests on the basis of the complete data sets. Table 1.